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Brazil Climate Information

Brazil is such a large country that it has five main regions with differing climates. The equator cuts through the upper portion of the country and snow can sometimes be found in the southern portion.

These five regions are Northwestern Brazil (Amazon Basin), Central Brazil, the Northeastern Coast, the Rio de Janeiro and Sao Paulo region, and Southern Brazil.

Northwestern Brazil (Amazon Basin)

Best months to visit: August through October (less rain)

This section is temperate with an abundance of rain and humidity. Temperatures are highly consistent, most often ranging between 80 degrees and 90 degrees Fahrenheit throughout the year. Rainfall varies significantly between different areas within the Amazon Basin.

The city of Manaus is in the middle area of the Amazon Basin. Rainfall is at its peak from November through May. Average rainfall during this period is around 8.3 inches per month. Rainfall during the remaining five months averages 2.4 inches per month.

The city of Belem is at the mouth of the Amazon River. Peak rainfall occurs between the months of December and July. Average Rainfall during that time is 10.9 inches per month. Rainfall is still a hefty 4.0 inches per month during the other four months.

Central Brazil

Best months to visit: May through September (dry season, cooler evenings)

Central Brazil consists of a huge plateau. From November to March, rainfall is heavy (10.3 inches per month on average). April and October experience around 5 inches per month, and from May through September, there is little rainfall and even droughts.

June through August are the cooler months, with temperatures sometimes dropping to around 50 degrees Fahrenheit during the nights. Daytime highs are relatively constant year round, hanging around 90-93 degrees.

Northeastern Coast

Best months to visit: September through February (dry season)

Rainy months in this region are from March to August. The rainfall ranges between 5.9 and 11.0 inches per month during this time period. Even during rainy season, the showers don't usually last long, and you can be back on the beach in no time.

Compared to the Central area of Brazil, the climate here is temperate. Average highs throughout the year are between 81 and 86 degrees Fahrenheit. Humidity can be quite high and is at its lowest from October through December.

Rio de Janeiro and Sao Paulo regions

Best months to visit: May through September (dry season)

The rainy season here extends from October to April. The remaining months average around 2 inches per month. The most humid months are January and February, but they are still comfortable.

Maximum temperatures during the rainy season average around 80 degrees Fahrenheit. Dry season temperatures are slightly lower in the Rio de Janeiro area, around 77 degrees. High temperatures around Sao Paulo dip to an average of 70 degrees in June and July.

Southern Brazil

Best months to visit: October through May (warmer temperatures)

Rainfall in the South does not vary much throughout the year. Average rainfall ranges between 3.1 and 5.1 inches per month.

The hotter months are November through April. January and February have average maximum temperatures of 88 degrees.

June, July, and August are the coldest months, and temperatures can sometimes dip low enough to see some snow.


Unless you enjoy heavy rains, September is probably the best month to visit if you would like to visit several parts of the country.

Otherwise, you will need to do your best to coordinate your travel plans with the differing weather patterns throughout the country.

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