Zhitomir Ukraine Travel Guide
Zhytomyr (also known as Zhitomir) city is the capital of Zhitomir
region, central Ukraine, on the Teteriv River, a tributary of the
Dnieper. It is a road and rail junction in an agricultural area.
Industries include lumber milling, food processing, granite quarrying,
metalworking, and the manufacture of musical instruments. An old city
on the trade route from Scandinavia to Constantinople, Zhitomir was
known in 1240. It was part of Kievan Rus and later passed to Lithuania
(1320) and Poland (1569). Awarded to Russia in the second partition of
Poland (1793), it became an important provincial and trade center
before the Bolshevik Revolution.
Zhitomir region is located in the central
part of the East European plain, north of right bank Ukraine. Its area
is 4.9% of the territory of Ukraine. The Zhitomir oblast's area is one
of the largest in Ukraine, fifth among all oblasts. The oblast borders
on the Republic of Belarus in the north, Khmelnitsky and Rivne oblasts
in the west, Vinnitsa oblast in the south and Kyiv oblast in the east.
In its current borders, the oblast was created in 1937. Now the oblast
comprises 23 administrative districts, 9 cities and towns. 56% of the
oblast's population is urban. 85% of the population is Ukrainians.
The region's potential of minerals and raw materials is
represented by 278 deposits with 20 kinds of minerals. The mining
industry here is extracting titanium ores, Dinas quarzites, and
building and facing stones.
The region embodies one fifth of the country's reserve of
rubble and crushed stone processed by a number of powerful companies.
Decorative and facing stones - labradorite, granite, and gabbro - are
found in unlimited quantities. Development of the deposit of easily
polished marble with a marvelous pattern and extraction of semiprecious
stones - beryl, topaz, quartz - are under way. Piezoelectric quartz
crystal, a widely used component of any electronic device, is also
available in this area.
There are also deposits of high quality pyrophyllite. The
oblast is interested in mobilizing investments and finding partners for
pyrophyllite extraction and development. Among other deposits requiring
funding by investors, there is a unique quartzite deposit. It contains
about 84% of the country's quartzite reserves. These raw materials are
used for lining blast furnaces and preparation of ferroalloys.
A combination of such factors as economic and geographical
location, soil and climatic conditions, availability of minerals, raw
materials, forestry and water resources creates favorable conditions
for the development of agriculture and industry.
Zhitomir region. Area - 29,900 sq. km.
Population - 1,460,000
Zhytomyr travel Ukraine
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