Vinnitsa Ukraine Travel Guide
Vinnitsa as a small settlement was founded on the picturesque banks of
the Southern Bug River in 1363 by Lithuanian Prince Olgert.
But numerous archaeological excavations
have proved that Slavic tribes lived in this area as far back as deep
antiquity. The history of this land is closely connected with the names
of Bohdan Khmelnitsky, Ivan Bogun, Maxim Krivonos, Yustim Karmalyuk and
many other heroes of Ukrainian people. Since the Middle Ages and
XVII-XLX centuries, pieces of a tall brick town wall, several churches
and cathedrals, as well as many private residences have remained, which
are used for different purposes.
Many of travelers enjoy visiting the museum of the classic of
Ukrainian literature Michailo Kotsubinskiy (1864-1913). The small white
washed house where he lived with his family is in the center of
There is one more place in our town which is known all over the
world - Hitler's Headquarters. It is situated between Vinnitsa and the
village of Strizhavka.
During the Great Patriotic War, many soldiers and officers were
captured and imprisoned in special camps. There were engineers,
builders and good workers among them. They were picked out and taken to
Vinnitsa to build a huge underground structure for Hitler and his
staff. Many thousands of people were shot after the headquarters was
built. Al the entrances were concreted, mined and hidden. At the end of
World War 2 this place was heavily bombarded, and still nobody really
knows what is inside.
Now Vinnitsa is one of the 25 regions of Ukraine. It is
situated in the central part of Ukraine. The total area of Vinnitsa
region is about 16 thousand sq. miles, the population of city is about
half a million people.
The main rivers are the Southern Bug and the Dniester. We also
have nearly 50 small rivers and 2300 lakes. The natural resources are
the following: deposits of granite, lime stone, clay, sand and mineral
spring water in several places. Our rivers and lakes are full of fish:
carps, pikes, perches, catfishes.
The climate of Vinnitsa region is moderately humid. The usual
temperature in summer is +22°C, in winter - 6°C. The bathing season
lasts from June to August and many citizens go picnicking in open air
on weekends. Sometimes, you can come across a wolf or an elk.
It is quite obvious that Vinnitsa is the main industrial,
transport, agricultural, cultural, and educational center of the
region. The enterprises of Vinnitsa and industrial centers such as
Kalynivka, Zhmerinka, Gaisin, Bershad etc can produce chemicals, motors
and instruments, radio and TV lamps, building details, furniture, and
Vinnitsa is known as agricultural center because the fertile
soil of the region is favorable for vegetables in and fruit trees. The
main crop is sugar beet. Sugar beets raising and sugar industry are
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