City of Kiev, Ukraine
capital of Ukraine
Number of regions:
Date of foundation:
fifth century AD
179 m above sea level
latitude 50°27'N; longitude 30°30'E
2,6 million (2005)
legend says that there was a prince family of three brothers named Kiy,
Schek and Khoryv and a sister Lybid. Kiy ruled a powerful Slavic tribe
and was looking for a place to settle a new home for his people. When
they came to the beautiful hills upon Dnepr river and saw wonderful
panorama of blue river and seven hills covered with chestnut trees,
they liked that place very much and decided to settle there. They
established a city and gave it the name Kiev in honour of their oldest
brother Kiy more than 1500 years ago. Prince Kiy and his family lived
on one hill, Schek settled on another hill which got the mane
Schekavitsa, and Khoryv settled on the third hill called Khorevitsa.
Since 882 Kiev became the capital on ancient powerful state
called Kievan Rus. In 998 Kiev Prince Vladimir introduced Christianity
in Kievan Rus by baptising Kiev population in Dnepr river. In 1240 the
city was demolished by mongol-tatars who invaded Kievan Rus, and later
it was rebuilt. Since 1362 Kiev and major part of Ukraine belonged to
Lithuania and Poland and in 1654 it became part of Russian Empire and
In 1991 Ukrainian people voted for independence of Ukraine and
Kiev became its capital. Since that time it is the center of Ukraine's
political, economic and cultural life.
In November 2004 Kiev was the central place of Orange
Revolution when hundreds of thousands of Ukrainian people protested
against election falsification in the streets and later elected another
ruling party and the President of Ukraine.
moderate continental with mild winter and warm summer
average Kiev temperature in January is 6 degrees
below zero Celsius, average in June is 20 degrees above zero Celsius;
lowest temperature in winter is 25 degrees below zero Celsius; highest
temperature in summer is 32 degrees above zero Celsius.
What to Wear
If you come to Kiev in summer, it would be nice to take a summer
jacket, jeans and T-shirts, sandals or baskets and probably shorts or
dress for the case of heat. For spring or autumn it is better to take a
few warm things and a jacket. For the winter you will need a winter
coat or a warm jacket, a few sweaters, a scarf, gloves and cap.
If you go inside a church or cathedral, women have to cover their head with a shawl, while men need to take off their hats.
Polina Kryuchkova runs an Advance-Tour travel company
in Kiev, Ukraine. You can find more articles about Ukraine, travel
tips, as well as information on accommodation, excursions in Kiev and
Ukraine at the Kiev City Travel
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