Kharkov Ukraine Travel Guide
also known as Kharkiv, is the second largest city in Ukraine. It has a
population of nearly 1.5 million. The city is located in the northeast
of the country. People living in Kharkiv are known as Kharkivites.
Kharkov is one of the main industrial, cultural and educational
centers of Ukraine. Its industry and research specialize on arms
production and machinery. There are hundreds of industrial companies in
the city. Among them are world famous giants Morozov Design Bureau and
Malyshev Tank Factory (Zavod Malysheva, a leader in tank production
since the 1930s), Hartron (aerospace and nuclear electronics) and
Turboatom (turbines producer).
There is an underground rapid-transit system with 35 km of
track and 28 stations. Another landmark of Kharkiv is its Freedom
Square (Ploshcha Svobody), which is the second largest city square in
Europe, and the 4th largest square in the world.
Kharkov rests at the confluence of the Kharkiv, Lopan, and Udy Rivers, where they flow into the Seversky Donets watershed.
Archeological evidence discovered in the area of present-day
Kharkov indicates that a local population has existed in that area
since the 2nd millennium b.c.e. Cultural artifacts date back to the
Bronze Age, as well as those of later Scythian and Sarmatian settlers.
There is also evidence that the Chernyakhov culture flourished in the
area from the 2nd to the 6th century.
Founded in the middle of 17th century, the city has had a
university since 1805. During the early years of the Soviet Union,
Kharkiv was the capital of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic
(from 1917 to 1934). In the early 1930s, the Ukrainian famine
(Holodomor) drove many people off the land into the cities, to Kharkiv
in particular, in search of food. Some of them died and were secretly
buried in one of the city's cemeteries. During April and May 1940 about
3800 Polish prisoners of Starobelsk camp were killed in the Kharkiv
NKVD building, later buried in Pyatikhatky forest (part of the Katyn
During World War II Kharkov was the site of several military
engagements. The city was captured by Nazi Germany and its military
allies, recaptured by the Red Army, captured again twice by the Nazis
and then finally liberated on August 23, 1943. Seventy percent of the
city was destroyed and tens of thousands of the inhabitants were
killed. It is mentioned that Kharkiv was the most populated city in the
Soviet Union occupied by Nazis, since in the years preceding World War
II Kiev was the smaller of the two by population. Between December of
1941 thru January of 1942, an estimated 30,000 people were killed by
the nazis (mostly Jewish). They were laid to rest in one of the largest
mass graves that is known as Drubitsky Yar.
Of the many attractions of the Kharkov city are the: Gosprom
building, Memorial Complex, Freedom Square, Taras Shevchenko Monument,
Mirror Stream, Uspensky Cathedral, Militia Museum, Pokriv Cathedral, T.
Shevchenko Gardens, Kharkiv's funicular (shut down due to accident),
Blagovishensky (Blessed News) Cathedral, Children's narrow-gauge
railroad, Building on Sumskaya Street #6, and many more.
Kharkov is one of Ukraine's largest cities and as in the whole
country sports are taken seriously. The most popular sport is football.
City has two clubs playing in the Ukrainian Premier League.
Travel Accommodations in Kharkov Ukraine - What to Expect From Rented Apartments
Ten years ago nobody knew about such country as Ukraine, now
many foreign people come here. Some of them come here for business,
others in search of their pretty Russian and Ukrainian brides, others
are members of charity and educational organizations, but whatever the
reasons for their visits are they all need the place to stay. As we all
know - the demand increases the offer. If ten years ago the only place
where a foreigner could safely stay was Kharkov hotel Mir, now there
are many new Kharkov hotels and many Kharkiv apartments for rent.
If you decide to come to Kharkov in hot season such are holiday
seasons - December, January, February, and also September, October,
make sure to your accommodation in Kharkov at least two weeks prior to
your visit. In general it is better to book your travel beforehand, as
Ukraine is becoming more and more popular destinations for air travel
companies, and flights to Kharkov may be quite difficult to book, if
you do it the last moment.
Every year more and more apartments in the downtown of Kharkov
are given for rent. All the apartments for rent have good furniture,
redecorations of Euro standards, modern electrical appliances, so they
are convenient and relatively not expensive for your stay. You may find
an accommodation for rent that will satisfy your demands either economy
class 1 room apartment or luxury 3 room apartment with king size bed,
dish washing machine, satellite TV and Internet.
Who knows what the reason for such popularity is, maybe it is
unforgettable beauty of Ukrainian brides, maybe possibilities for
making quick money, maybe just friendliness of Ukrainian people, but
anyway Ukraine is becoming very popular.
Apartment Kharkov is an online resource for booking comfortable Kharkov apartments to rent
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