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Is a Passport Required to Visit...?

Passport Book and Passport CardA valid passport is required to visit all foreign countries when traveling by air. This applies to adults and minors, including infants. Therefore, the only places to which American citizens can travel by air without a passport are destinations within the United States and U.S. territories. The latter is only true if the flight is direct and does not land in any foreign country.

The Western Hemisphere Travel Initiative determined that one of the following documents must be presented when an American citizen returns the United States from Bermuda, Canada, the Caribbean and Mexico.

  • U.S. Passport Book or Passport Card
  • Trusted Traveler Programs (NEXUS, SENTRI, or FAST)
  • State Issued Enhanced Driver's License (when available)
  • Enhanced Tribal Cards (when available)
  • U.S. Military Identification with Military Travel Orders
  • U.S. Merchant Mariner Document when traveling in conjunction with official maritime business
  • Native American Tribal Photo Identification Card
  • Form I-872 American Indian Card

While U.S. citizens can re-enter the United States from the countries mentioned above with any of the documents on the list, Bermuda and some Caribbean countries do require a valid passport to enter.

Minors under age 16 can visit Canada, Mexico and some Caribbean countries and return to the U.S. with only proof of citizenship such as a birth certificate and a photo ID.

The only exception for both adults and minors are closed-loop cruises that begin and end at the same port. You may still be required to present a passport to enter the countries your cruise ship is visiting. Contact your cruise line to verify required travel documents.

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Below are links to answers to frequently asked questions about travel document requirements for specific destinations. Visit the passport FAQ for more information.

Is a passport required to enter Costa Rica?  Question: Does a natural-born U.S. citizen need a passport to enter Costa Rica? What is the nearest office that can provide me with a passport?


Do I need a passport and visa to move to Germany?  Question: I have never had a passport. I am getting married to a U.S. citizen and relocating to Germany. What is required of me and my 16 year old ...

Do I need a passport book or a passport card to travel to Kenya?  Question: To travel to Kenya do I need a passport card or book or both? And for my 3-year-old son?

Answer: Both you and your son need to obtain passport ...

Passports for Travel to U.S. Territories  Is a passport required of a United States citizen to travel to U.S. territories?

Is there or was there a specific passport for travel to the Caribbean?  Question: Is there or was there a specific passport for travel to the Caribbean?

Answer: American citizens who travel to the Caribbean by air must ...

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