History of Tibet
Little is known about the history of Tibet. According to studies, the
Tibetan people originated from the nomadic and aboriginal tribes known
as Qiang. If we look back at the history of these people, we can date
back to about 4,000 years ago and see Tibetans living in a very simple
life when only stone implements are being employed.
It was only until the start of the 7th
century when the people of Tibet first called themselves Tibetan.
Following that recognition, Tibet was unified by the rise of the
Yarlung Dynasty, also known as Tubo Kingdom. Since then, Tibet turned
into a hostile land of power.
Tibet expanded its power when the ruler of the Tubo Dynasty
subjugated other tribes. The first Tibetan dynasty was then founded and
the culture, religion, technology, arts, and other social and political
bodies in Tibet were developed. These were given attention actually
when Songstsen Gampo, the King of Tubo started to communicate with
other countries in the world. It is interesting to know that in the
history of Tibet, King Gampo has made several contributions to Tibet
and when he married the princesses of Nepal and Tang, he carried with
them several other advanced developments in different fields. Buddhism
was also introduced to Tibet.
Buddhism was then embraced by the people and several temples
for worship were built. These temples were also used to preserve and
protect the sacred icons of Sakyamuni. The Polata Palace, which is
known until today, was also built and it is interested to know that
following these developments in the history of Tibet, more and more
people embraced the religion, including the successors of the king.
In 1042, the Tibetan Buddhism was revived. Several branches
and sub-branches emerged, each debating and searching for patrons
amongst the conflicting principalities. It was also during this time in
the history of Tibet that the Mongol Empire came to power, and
aggressively expanded. That time, the most powerful sect of Buddhism
was the Sakyapa or Stripe sect. Knowing this fact, the emperor of
Mongol agreed with the leader of the sect who helped him become the
leader of Tibet. As expected, Tibet developed into an appendage of the
Several other dynasties emerged following the Mongolian
Empire. There emerged the Song, Yuan, Ming, and Manchurian Qing
dynasties; each has its own contribution to the history of Tibet and
its people. Tibet was considered as one of the 13 states of China
during the Yuan Dynasty, and it was during the Ming Dynasty when Dalai
Lamas and Panchen Lamas stepped into the political arenas.
In the history of Tibet, it was in 1965 when the Tibet
Autonomous Region was established. It was also that time that Tibet
started to open its doors to visitors from around the world. This still
continues to this day.
Tibet Travel Articles