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China Population Information

Population:
1,367,485,388 (July 2015 est.)
Age structure:
0-14 years: 17.08% (male 126,146,137/female 107,410,265)
15-24 years:
13.82% (male 100,380,703/female 88,615,299)
25-54 years:
47.95% (male 334,240,795/female 321,417,301)
55-64 years:
11.14% (male 77,098,602/female 75,286,553)
65 years and over:
10.01% (male 65,573,256/female 71,316,477) (2015 est.)
Median age:
total: 36.8 years
male:
36 years
female:
37.7 years (2015 est.)
Population growth rate:
0.45% (2015 est.)
Birth rate:
12.49 births/1,000 population (2015 est.)
Death rate:
7.53 deaths/1,000 population (2015 est.)
Net migration rate:
-0.44 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2015 est.)
Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.15 male(s)/female
0-14 years:
1.17 male(s)/female
15-24 years:
1.13 male(s)/female
25-54 years:
1.04 male(s)/female
55-64 years:
1.02 male(s)/female
65 years and over:
0.92 male(s)/female
total population:
1.06 male(s)/female (2015 est.)
Infant mortality rate:
total: 12.44 deaths/1,000 live births
male:
12.58 deaths/1,000 live births
female:
12.27 deaths/1,000 live births (2015 est.)
Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 75.41 years
male: 73.38 years
female: 77.73 years (2015 est.)
Total fertility rate:
1.6 children born/woman (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
0.1% (2012 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
780,000 (2012 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths:
NA
Nationality:
noun: Chinese (singular and plural)
adjective: Chinese
Ethnic groups:
Han Chinese 91.6%, Zhuang 1.3%, other (includes Hui, Manchu, Uighur, Miao, Yi, Tujia, Tibetan, Mongol, Dong, Buyei, Yao, Bai, Korean, Hani, Li, Kazakh, Dai and other nationalities) 7.1%
Religions:
Buddhist 18.2%, Christian 5.1%, Muslim 1.8%, folk religion 21.9%, Hindu < .1%, Jewish < .1%, other 0.7% (includes Daoist (Taoist)), unaffiliated 52.2%
Languages:
Standard Chinese or Mandarin (official; Putonghua, based on the Beijing dialect), Yue (Cantonese), Wu (Shanghainese), Minbei (Fuzhou), Minnan (Hokkien-Taiwanese), Xiang, Gan, Hakka dialects, minority languages (see Ethnic groups)

note: Zhuang is official in Guangxi Zhuang, Yue is official in Guangdong, Mongolian is official in Nei Mongol, Uighur is official in Xinjiang Uygur, Kyrgyz is official in Xinjiang Uygur, and Tibetan is official in Xizang (Tibet)
Literacy:
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 96.4%
male: 98.2%
female: 94.5% (2015 est.)

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