China Adoption Information - Tips on Adopting a Chinese Child
After completing lengthy pre-adoption procedures in the United States,
Americans wishing to adopt a child in China can expect to spend at
least two weeks there to complete the adoption.
Once in China, and after the adoption has been completed, the U.S.
Consulate General in Guangzhou will process the immigrant visa to
enable you to bring your newly adopted child back to the United States.
The Child Citizenship Act of 2000 became effective on February 27,
2001. This law greatly streamlines the process by which foreign-born
children (including adopted children) of U.S. citizen parents can
become U.S. citizens when they did not acquire citizenship at birth.
The Child Citizenship Act, which applies to both adopted and biological
children of U.S. citizens, amends Section 320 of the Immigration and
Nationality Act (INA) to provide for the automatic acquisition of U.S.
citizenship when certain conditions have been met. Specifically, these
- One parent is a U.S. citizen by birth or through naturalization;
- The child is under the age of 18;
child is residing in the United States as a lawful permanent resident
alien and is in the legal and physical custody of the U.S. citizen
- If the child is adopted, the adoption must be final.
Under the previous law, internationally adopted children of a U.S.
citizen did not automatically become citizens upon their admission into
the United States as immigrants.
In an effort to prevent international child abduction, many
governments have initiated procedures at entry/exit points. These often
include requiring documentary evidence of the relationship between the
child and an accompanying adult and, when the child's parent(s) or
legal guardian is not traveling with the child, permission from that
adult for the child's travel. By having such documentation on hand,
even if not required, you may facilitate your entry and departure.
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