Brazil Geography Information
So it's the fifth largest country in the world, but what else is
remarkable about Brazil? Well it's the largest country in South
America, and while it crosses the equator, it's unique in that Brazil
is the only country in the world to cross the equator and have
contiguous land outside the tropics. This is thanks to Brazil's long
length; the coastline spans a vast 4,578 miles! The only South American
countries that Brazil does not share a border with are Chile and
Ecuador, so this gives you another idea as to how large this country
We think of Brazil as beaches and
rainforests, and while these are in abundance, the country actually has
a total of five different ecosystems, so there really is a lot to
explore here. From coastal lowlands to highlands and mountains, the
scenery is spectacular everywhere you look, and the highest point, Pico
da Neblina, stands 9,823 feet high and is right in the north west of
Let's not forget the Amazon, one of the longest rivers in the
world, and the immense rainforest that surrounds the Amazon Basin. Can
you believe that this rainforest constitutes nearly half of all the
world's rainforests as it is so large?!
Brazil is the fifth largest country in the world. Its coast
stretches for 4655 miles. The coastal area boasts hundreds of stunning
white sand beaches, lagoons, sand dunes, mangroves, and spectacular
coral reefs. These and other natural wonders combine to help make the
country one of the top tourist destinations in the world.
Brazil has a land area of 2,287,612 square miles, making up
nearly half of the South American continent. It shares borders with 10
countries - all South American countries but Ecuador and Chile. Due to
its immense size, the geography of Brazil is a fascinatig study.
entire country is humid. The North is mostly hot with a tropical
climate. The southern portion of the country is more temperate and
subtropical, sometimes falling below freezing. Snow can be seen in
mountainous regions anywhere from March to December, but primarily from
June to December.
Most of the country averages 39 inches to 59 inches of rain
annually. The majority of rainfall occurs from December through April,
Brazil's summer season. There is actually a dry season in the Amazon
rain forest for 3 to 5 months each year. Northeastern Brazil often
The Amazon basin lies in the north and west area of the country.
It also extends into neighboring countries. This area of the country
receives an average of over 80 inches of rain annually. A large system
of rivers drains the water. All of the principal rivers feed the Amazon
River, which carries the water to the Atlantic Ocean.
The Amazon River runs for 2246 miles inside Brazil. It is the
second longest river in the world. Most of the river within the country
can be navigated. The Amazon rain forest thrives due to the large
rainfall. This area is one of the most ecologically diverse habitats in
20% of the world's animal population lives in the Amazon rain
forest. 1000 species of birds, 3000 fish species, and many mammals and
reptiles call this forest home. Some of the many animals include
manatees, freshwater dolphins, and alligators.
Unfortunately, the Amazon rain forest is shrinking rapidly. The
rain forest loses more than 50,000 square miles-about 4% of its total
area-annually. It is being cleared for commercial use and other similar
has two main mountain ranges, both located in the southeast. The Serra
do Mar Range runs along the Atlantic coast. The Serrado Espinhaco Range
runs through the south-central portion of the country.
The average elevation of these mountains is less than 4000
feet. The highest point is Pico de Neblina at 9888 feet. An immense
plateau called Planalto Central is nestled in the mountain ranges.
Brasília: The Nation's Capital
the late 1950's, Brasilia was "manufactured" to serve as the country's
capital. Previously nothing existed on the land but the Mato Grasso
plateaus. The population today exceeds 3.6 million people in the
municipal area. It ranks sixth in the country in terms of metropolitan
Two people preplanned nearly the entire city. Lúcio Costa
served as the main urban planner. He zoned areas of the city for
specific uses and fashioned the streets to accommodate traffic
efficiently. Oscar Niemeyer was the chief architect. He designed most
of the public buildings.
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