Explore Java Indonesia
The site of the country's capital city Jakarta, Java Indonesia is a
161,700 square-kilometer island of Indonesia, which was once the center
of influential Hindu Kingdoms and the heart of colonial Dutch East
Indies. Today, Java plays a prevailing role in the political and
economic life of the country. It is also among the world's most
populous island, having one-hundred-twenty-four million inhabitants,
consequently becoming one of the earth's most densely populated
On the other hand, it is the most urbanized island in the archipelago
of Indonesia, exhibiting that of an Asian society's characteristics of
fast transition; Java Indonesia has great wealth, attractive open
country, serene rural scenes, as well as a fair share of equal squalor,
smutty cities, and streets throttled with traffic. Nevertheless,
travelers still find Java Indonesia a very interesting place to be,
where they can rebound from a simple village life to an MTV-like
lifestyle on this gorgeous island.
A great deal of Java Indonesia's previous kingdoms still
remains to be the reminders of the country's colorful history, like the
well-known Hindu Prambanan and Buddhist Borobudur temples. Undeniably,
the culture of Java and even its language has been strongly influenced
by the languages and cultures of Indian subcontinent.
The island has also become a dominant player in the nation's economic
and political life, and its political supremacy has resulted in umbrage
on the part of several residents of its neighboring islands; it was
even once recommended by an Indonesian author named Pramoedya Ananta
Toer that the capital be transferred to an island outside of Java to
free Indonesian nationalist movement of its Java-centric nature.
There are three main languages spoken in Java, namely Madurese,
Sundarese, and Javanese; other Java tongues spoken include Tenggarese
and Osing, Betawi, Balinese, Kangeanese, and Badui, as well as a large
majority of its population speaking Indonesian, usually as a second
The majority of Javanese, which is about ninety percent, are
Muslims, broadly ranging between santri and abangan. There are also
small Hindu communes scattered all through Java, but a large population
of Hindu can be found on the eastern coast closest to Bali
particularly in the city of Banyuwangi. Java has always been a melting
pot of cultures and religions, which has built a wide assortment of
Overall, Java Indonesia owes much of its appealing character to
its vibrant history, blend of cultures, beautiful island, and friendly
people that makes it an absolutely remarkable place to experience.
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More Java Facts
For centuries Java has been the center of cultural, political,
and economic activities of the entire archipelago. The main port is
Tanjungpriok, which accounts for much of the country's domestic and
international shipping firms. Witness Indonesia's cultural heritage by
visiting Yogyakarta and Surakarta the "cultural centers of Java"
where you can likewise find souvenirs to take home like teak, native
coffee, tobacco, batik, masks, puppets, woodcarving, jewelry, ethnic
clothing and sarongs, paintings, ceramics, and basket wares.
The island is largely a Muslim region but Chinese and Arab communities
also exist. The chief language is Bahasa Indonesia and around 250
dialects. Bahasa English, however, is understood by locals working in
tourist spots. You can read national newspapers that are written in
English like Indonesia Times, Indonesia Observer, and Jakarta Post.
Most of the holidays are in celebration of religious festivities like
the Eid'l Fitri End of Ramadan (dates can vary), Nyepi (Balinese Saka
New Year and day of silence), Idul Adha (Moslem Day of Sacrifice),
Muharram or the Moslem New Year, Waisak Day (Buddha's birth/death),
Isra Mi'raj Nabi (prophet Mohammed's Ascension Day) and Maulud (birth
of Mohammed) but other holidays are also commemorated like the Imlec
Chinese New Year, Wafat Isa Al Masih (Good Friday), Kartini Day where
Javanese commemorate the birth of Raden Ajeng Kartini, the founder of
women's rights movement, Independence Day (August 17), Hari Raya Natal
or Christmas Day on December 25.
Recently, Java has been declared safe for tourists but it is always good to verify the most recent travel warnings
for the area. Diving activities are also widespread not only in Java
but the rest of the archipelago. You may want to wander in some
untouched islands with the help of local guides. Major airports in
Java, Indonesia are located in the urban hubs of Bali and Jakarta
while buses, trains, shared taxi, and boats/ferries serve as the
national transports. Local transports include buses, taxis, microlets
(small minivans), bemo (converted pick-up trucks), bajaj (three-wheeled
scooters operating in Jakarta), bekak (bicycle rickshaw that operate
everywhere except in Jakarta), ojeks (motorbike taxis), and motorbikes
that are for rent at 20,000 to 30,000 Rupiah per day.
Java still boasts of its untouched lush tropical forests, which
account for much of the country's timber production, and home to exotic
animals like tigers, crocodiles, and hundreds of species of birds of
stunning plumage. The tropical climate is warm and humid.
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