The Five Regions of Brazil
Brazil is considered a country with continental proportions. It's the fifth largest country in the world
and has a territorial extention of 8.514.712 km². Alone, it occupies
47% of Latin America and 1.7% of the world's land. Due to it's large
size, the IBGE divides it into five regions: North, Center-West,
Northeast, Southeast and South.
To group many states into one region, the IBGE uses many
criteria, such as: similarity in human, physical, cultural, social and
economic aspects. The division in regions has been utilized for a long
time and has gone through many changes. The last version was
established in 1970 and is used to this day. Each region has very
peculiar characteristics. All of the miscegenation forms Brazil's great
cultural and social diversity.
Formed by the states of Pará, Acre, Rondônia, Roraima, Amazonas,
Tocantins and Amapá. It is located in the Amazon basin area, and the
biggest forest in the world, the Amazon forest. With this, the
ecosystem became its strong point, favoring ecotourism. The activities
related to culture are also very valued. The main ones are the typical
dances, such as carimbó and the Círio de Nazaré and Festival de
Parintins festivals. There's also the culinary arts with strong Indian
influences, with dishes such as tucupi, maniçoba and tacaca.
The Northeast region has about 30% of the country's population. It's
divided in nine states, where are: Pernambuco, Paraíba, Ceará, Rio
Grande do Norte, Bahia, Sergipe, Alagoas, Maranhão and Piauí. The
coastal cities are known for their natural beauty and for having a
excellent attractions for tourism, including some of the best beaches in Brazil
The northeast region also has great cultural tourism owed mainly to the
colonial cities such as Recife, Olinda and Salvador, among others. The
culture is perhaps the main tourism draw of this region.
Popular genres such as Frevo, Xote, Xaxado, Baião, and Sambal,
among others are said to have originated from this region. Northeast
Brazil's cuisine's highlights include dishes like sarapatel, sururu,
carne de sol, vatapá and acarajá. The major festivals are the Carnaval
and São João.
The Central-West region in Brazil is formed by the states of
Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, Goiás and the Federal District. There
you can find the country's capital, Brasília. Its territory also covers
the Complexo do Pantanal, which stands out for its beauty and for
offering a great venue for ecotourism with various hotels and inns.
Besides the Pantanal, the city of Caldas Novas,
in Goiás, has very interesting attractions:
its thermal pools. In terms of culture, Central-West Brazil has
cavalhadas, a spectacular depiction of medieval battles between
Christians and Moors.
The Southeast region is Brazil's urban and financial center.
Formed by the states of São Paulo, Minas Gerais, Rio de Janeiro and
Espírito Santo, the region is largely invested in the
manufacturing, metallurgical and food industries. In relation to
tourism, the region's highlights are its main cities.
Rio de Janeiro
for example, is known as the most beautiful city in Brazil and
São Paulo as the biggest urban and gastronomic center. In Minas Gerais
we can find the biggest number of historical cities in the country
This region is composed by the states of Santa Catarina, Rio Grande do
Sul and Paraná and its tourism draws are in its beaches, European
colonies and it's climate with a harsher winter - different from
the rest of the country. The culture of the south benefited from direct
influences of the Germans and Italians.
Because of these infuences, all of the region's religious
manifestations and festivals, dances and music are of European
origins. It is a piece of Europe in Brazil. South Brazil's culinary
highlights includes dishes such as the churrasco gaúcho, chimarrão,
arroz com pinhão and barreado.
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